Abaeis nicippe (Sleepy Orange).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 20 mm. Photo: 08/13/11, 10 am.


The Sleepy Orange (Abaeis nicippe) is a very common, brightly colored butterfly. Males have fewer dark markings than females. The second link has excellent information on the different color variations throughout the year. The butterflies in this family (Pieridae) are usually called 'whites' or 'sulphurs'. 
 

 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/562187
Carolina Nature by Will Cook:
http://www.carolinanature.com/butterflies/sleepyorange.html


Acrolophus sp. (Tubeworm Moth) ♀.
 
 
 
Size: approx. 10 mm. Photo: 06/13/12, 9 pm.


The thorax and head of Tubeworm Moths (Acrolophus sp.) is typically hairy. While resting they hold their wings roof-like over the abdomen. The genus has over 50 species in North America. 
 
 
bug guide:
http://bugguide.net/node/view/18147


Acrolophus plumifrontella - Hodges#0372
 
 
 
(Eastern Grass-tubeworm Moth).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 15 mm. Photo: 07/12/15, 10 pm.


I couldn't find much information on the Eastern Grass-tubeworm Moth (Acrolophus plumifrontella). The small photos show a different specimen (6/21/12). 
 

  
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1100827
bug guide (small photos):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/661463


Acrolophus forbesi - Hodges#0353.
 
 
 
Photo: 08/12/12, 10 pm.


This is probably Acrolophus forbesi
 

 
bug guide (these photos):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/689259
Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD):
http://v2.boldsystems.org/views/taxbrowser.php?taxid=126692


Acrolophus mycetophagus - Hodges#0367.1
 
 
 
(Frilly Grass-tubeworm Moth).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 8 mm. Photo: 05/07/16, 9 pm.


Quite an interesting looking moth. The hindwings are dark brownish-gray and the head may or may not be covered with very long white hair-like scales. The species name means "fungi or mushroom-eating" and refers to the larval diet. 
 

 
bug guide (these photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1220502


Actias luna (Luna Moth).
 
 
 
Photo: 03/20/04, 9 pm.


Okay, I am pretty sure about this one. I'd say it's a luna moth (Actias luna). This moth was huge and has a very striking tail. Its width is about 4 inch. Their caterpillars feed on sweet-gum trees which I have in my yard. Notice the eyespots on the wings. The adult moth has no mouth, does not eat all, and lives only ~1 week. Its sole purpose is to mate. 
 
 
wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luna_Moth


Anacampsis levipedella - Hodges#2241
 
 
 
(Twirler Moth (nonspecific)).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 5 mm. Photo: 07/17/11, 10 am.


Very small moth on a tree leaf. The moth circled frantically around the brown spot for several seconds before settling down.  
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/547099
moth photographers group:
http://mothphotographersgroup.msstate.edu/species.php?hodges=2241


Antheraea polyphemus - Hodges#7757 (Polyphemus Moth) - imm.
 
 
 
Size: approx. 15 mm. Photo: 06/27/12, 7 pm.


This common caterpillar is a larval Antheraea polyphemus. It is bright green, with reddish and silvery spots, and oblique yellow lines running through the spiracles on abdomen. The head and true legs brown. They can be found throughout the lower 48. The caterpillar of the luna moth is superficially similar. The adult moth is large and brown with a prominent, round eyespot near the middle of the forewing. 
 

  
 
bug guide (these photos):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/664723


Atteva aurea - Hodges#2401 (Ailanthus Webworm Moth).
 
 
 
Photo: 03/22/17, 11 pm.


What a beautiful little moth! Its forewings are orange with several large black and white rosettes. The detailed pattern apparently varies among specimens. Adults take nectar from flowers. The presence of this originally tropical moth in the eastern US is closely related to the ornamental plant Ailanthus altissima which is now considered one of the most serious weeds in the US.  
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1349210
wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ailanthus_webworm
V. O. Becker, Rev. Brasil. Entomol. 53, 349, 2009:
http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbent/v53n3/07.pdf


Automeris io - Hodges#7746 (Io Moth) ♂.
 
 
 
Size: approx. 25 mm. Photo: 08/20/14, 11 pm.


The Io (or Peacock) Moth has two large, black and blue eyespots on their hindwings, which cannot be seen on my photo. This distinctive pattern is quite amazing and I regret that I didn't wait longer to see it. The caterpillars of this species are usually found in groups. Their color is orange early on and then changes to a pale blueish green with clusters of spines. The larvae may "sting" if handled.  
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/981781


Automeris io - Hodges#7746 (Io Moth) ♀.
 
 
 
Photo: 05/10/16, 11 pm.


... and here is a female Io Moth. Again I didn't wait long enough to see the striking eyespot patterns on the hindwings of this big moth (wingspan up to 8 cm). Io Moth populations have declined in the Gulf States (with the exception of Louisiana) and elsewhere since the 1970s. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1221949
UF:
http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/misc/io_moth.htm


Blastobasis sp. (?) (Scavenger Moth).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 10 mm. Photo: 09/05/11, 10 pm.


This moth belongs to the family of Casebearer Moths. The name refers to the larvae living in cases of plant material, frass, and silk. It is probably Blastobasis sp. (>10 species in the US) or Pigritia sp. A bugguide expert pointed out that they are very difficult to identify solely based on a photo.  
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/572865


Cabnia myronella - Hodges#6037.
 
 
 
Photo: 03/18/17, 10 pm.


The forewings of this moth are uniformly colored, dark ash-gray and covered by paler scales. Its antennae have large basal joints. The wing span is slight below 1 cm. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1348174


Calycopis cecrops (Red-Banded Hairstreak).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 10-20 mm. Photo: 08/06/11, 7 pm.


This is a very small butterfly called Red-Banded Hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops). The genus has two species in North America but only one is likely to be found in Florida. 
 

 
bug guide (small photo below):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/556298


Cenopis reticulatana - Hodges#3720
 
 
 
(Reticulated Fruitworm).
 
 
 
Photo: 06/25/16, 11 pm.


Formerly known as Sparganothis reticulatana, this pretty little moth features yellow forewings covered by a netlike pattern of orange and brown lines. Its larvae feed on a variety of trees and shrubs including--as the common name suggests--apples, blueberries, cherries, pears, and persimmons.  
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1245709


Choristoneura pinus - Hodges#3643 (Jack Pine Budworm).
 
 
 
Photo: 03/28/16, 10 pm.


The forewings of this little moth are reddish mottled with irregular silvery or yellowish bands and blotches. It is most common in Canada and adjacent parts of the US but also found its way to Tallahassee. Its usual habitats are groups of Jack Pine and Scots Pine trees. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1204794
wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choristoneura_pinus


Clepsis peritana - Hodges#3688 (Garden Tortrix).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 4 mm. Photo: 06/16/14, 10 pm.


This is probably Clepsis peritana which is the most common and widespread tortricid species in North America. Its larvae feed on strawberries and other low plants. They prefer dying leaves. 
 
 
bug guide:
http://bugguide.net/node/view/32034


Dryadaula terpsichorella - Hodges#0307.1
 
 
 
(Hawaiian Dancing Moth).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 4 mm. Photo: 06/14/12.


The little Dryadaula terpsichorella is an introduced species to Florida. The literature states "The common name is derived from characteristic circular gyrations, with a crablike sideways gait". I had this specimen originally listed as Caribbean scavenger moth, which seems incorrect. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/658192


Epiblema otiosana - Hodges#3202 (Bidens Borer).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 5-10 mm. Photo: 09/10/11, 10 pm.


This moth has a striking white patch. It is Bidens Borer (Epiblema otiosana). The common name refers to the fact that the larvae bore into the stems of plants including ragweed. Go E. otiosana! The genus has 39 species. 
 

 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/574636/bgimage
moth photographers group:
http://mothphotographersgroup.msstate.edu/species.php?hodges=3202


Epicallima argenticinctella - Hodges#1046
 
 
 
(Orange-headed Epicallima).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 7 mm. Photo: 08/22/14, 11 pm.


This concealer moth immediately caught my attention. Although small, the pretty colors were quite striking. It was attracted to our porch lights and didn't move much for over an hour. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/983101


Euclea nanina - Hodges#4697.1 (Nanina Oak-Slug Moth).
 
 
 
Photo: 03/31/16, 10 pm.


This is, in my opinion, a very unusual looking moth. Apparently it is difficult to distinguish adults of Euclea delphinii and E. nanina. Individuals of both species have varying amounts of green on the forewing and their ranges overlap from South Carolina to Florida, west to Texas but are overall not very common. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1205801


Eupragia hospita - Hodges#0953.
 
 
 
Photo: 08/29/15, 11 pm.


Another Southern moth. The second link states that specimens "vary greatly in appearance depending upon wear. Fresh specimens have distinct maculation heavily shaded with brown and gray-brown; worn specimens lose much of the brown scaling. The head and thorax of some specimens have become greased, indicating that the larvae possibly are internal feeders." 
 

 
bug guide (these photos):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1130250
R. W. Hodges, J. Lepidop. Soc. 23, 23, 1969:
http://tinyurl.com/hodges1969


Harrisina americana - Hodges#4624
 
 
 
(Grapeleaf Skeletonizer).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 15-20 mm. Photo: 08/07/12, noon.


The Grapeleaf Skeletonizer (Harrisina americana) has narrow, completely black wings which it holds spread out and away from body at rest. Its collar is orange/red and the tip of the abdomen has prominent tufts of scales. Their larvae feed on grapeleafs, redbud, and virginia creeper. We definitely have the latter, unpleasant plant in our yard. Anyway, a beautiful moth. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/686125


Heterocampa guttivitta - Hodges#7994
 
 
 
(Saddled Prominent).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 25 mm. Photo: 06/07/15, 11 pm.


This fairly large moth is probably Heterocampa guttivitta. Misogada unicolor looks very similar but is usually not found in Florida. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1080382


Hybroma servulella - Hodges#300 (Yellow Wave Moth).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 3-5 mm. Photo: 07/31/12, 10 pm.


This interesting looking clothes moth is Hybroma servulella and can be found in the Eastern half of the US. Not the greatest photo, so I hope to see this small moth again soon. 
 
 
bug guide:
http://bugguide.net/node/view/24483


Idia lubricalis - Hodges#8334 (Glossy Black Idia).
 
 
 
Photo: 09/25/17, 9 pm.


... and another Idia moth: I. lubricalis. And yes, it did look rather glossy. The wingspan is 24-36 mm. Its larvae feed on dead leaves and fungi associated with dead wood.  
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1446028


Inga sparsiciliella - Hodges#1034
 
 
 
(Black-marked Inga Moth).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 7 mm. Photo: 08/18/14, 9 pm.


The range of this little white moth is mainly the Southeast and Texas.  
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/980589


Isa textula - Hodges#4681 (Crowned Slug Moth).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 10 mm. Photo: 10/13/11, 8 pm.


Possibly a crowned slug (Isa textula). The larvae are often found on oak and create zigzagging tracks on the underside of leaves. The caterpillar is flattened and about 5/8 inch long. It is a "stinger" with specialized nettling spines. These structures are hollow and contain toxins. The small photos show a different specimen that I found on 08/19/14 around 11 pm. 
 

  
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/587194
Auburn U:
http://www.ag.auburn.edu/enpl/bulletins/caterpillar/caterpillar.htm


Isochaetes beutenmuelleri - Hodges #4675
 
 
 
(Beutenmueller's Slug).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 10 mm. Photo: 09/13/11, 11 pm.


Beutenmueller's Slug Moth (Isochaetes beutenmuelleri). Long name, strange moth. This one came to the light of our living room window. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/576240
moth photographers group:
http://mothphotographersgroup.msstate.edu/species.php?hodges=4675


Lochmaeus manteo - Hodges#7998
 
 
 
(Variable Oakleaf Caterpillar Moth).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 25 mm. Photo: 08/20/14, 10 pm.


This large moth is my first find of an adult member of the family Notodontidae (Prominent Moths). Its larva can spray formic acid causing blisters or severe skin irritation for humans. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/981753


Malacosoma americana - Hodges#7701
 
 
 
(Eastern Tent Caterpillar) - imm.
 
 
 
Size: approx. 55 mm. Photo: 03/17/15, 2 pm.


The Eastern Tent Caterpillar has a solid cream/white line along the dorsum (middle of the back). Its sides are marked with blue, black, orange and white whereas the face is dark. They are among the earliest caterpillars to appear in spring and this one was the first in my yard this year. Eastern Tent Caterpillars secrete silk wherever they go and other caterpillars follow and enhance those silk trails. The trails contain a pheromone (see second link for more information). 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1053426
Social Caterpillars (T. D. Fitzgerald):
http://web.cortland.edu/fitzgerald/Easterntent.htm


Malacosoma disstria - Hodges#7698
 
 
 
(Forest Tent Caterpillar) - imm.
 
 
 
Size: approx. 50 mm. Photo: 04/09/16, 4 pm.


Awesome colors and patterns. Forest Tent Caterpillars create silken mats on tree trunks and large branches where they congregate to molt or rest. The larvae also deposit silk in strands along which they travel to and from feeding sites; a very small version of the silk road so to speak. Unlike the Eastern Tent Caterpillar, these little fellows do not form silken tents. Click on the small photo to see a close-up of the same specimen.  
 

 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1208700


Malacosoma americana - Hodges#7701
 
 
 
(Eastern Tent Caterpillar Moth).
 
 
 
Photo: 05/01/16, 10 pm.


I was excited to finally see the moth that goes with the interesting and colorful caterpillars of this species. The chunky moth was attracted to our porch lights and had the habit of fluttering its wings while resting. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1217982


Marathyssa inficita - Hodges#8955 (Dark Marathyssa).
 
 
 
Photo: 04/06/16, 10 pm.


A very early example of the otherwise widespread and common Dark Marathyssa. The moth is very three-dimensional with an erect body and long, seemingly narrow wings. The wingspan is about one inch. The very similar looking M. basalis occurs in Florida as early as March, so I am slightly worried about the species identification. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1207807


Megalopyge opercularis - Hodges#4647
 
 
 
(Southern Flannel Moth) ♂.
 
 
 
Size: approx. 10 mm. Photo: 07/10/12, 10 pm.


The Southern Flannel Moth (Megalopyge opercularis) is a common sight in Florida and the Southeast. Its caterpillars are called "Puss Caterpillars" and are known to have a painful sting. Males have feathery antennae and stronger markings than females of this species. This suggests that this specimen is a male.  
 

 
bug guide (these photos):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/671919


Paectes abrostoloides - Hodges#8962
 
 
 
(Sweetgum Defoliator).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 10 mm. Photo: 08/28/14, 10 pm.


The larvae of this moth are called "Sweetgum Defoliators" but although we have several sweetgums in our yard, I have not seen the trees defoliated yet. P. abrostoloides has an unusually three-dimensional resting position. This one had its wings rather close to the wall surface and pointed its body away from the wall generating the appearance of a dried up plant structure.  
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/986733


Paectes nubifera - Hodges#8965 - imm.
 
 
 
Photo: 05/14/16, noon.


The range of Paectes nubifera is limited to Florida and nearby states. The adult form is a brownish moth with a wingspan of about 3 cm. The two photos show the same specimen which I found on my black truck. 
 

 
bug guide (these photos):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/1223487


Papilio glaucus (Eastern Tiger Swallowtail) ♀.
 
 
 
Photo: 04/17/16, 1 pm.


This large and very common butterfly is an Eastern Tiger Swallowtail. They have wingspans of 8-16 cm. Females are larger and darker than males. The conspicuous band of blue spots along the hindwing is indicative of females. P. glaucus is one of a few butterfly species that produce gynandromorphs (both male and female characteristics). Usually adults fly high above the ground, which has made it difficult for me take these photos. 
 

 
wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papilio_glaucus


Phoebis sennae (Cloudless Sulphur) ♀.
 
 
 
Photo: 08/16/11, 1 pm.


The Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae) can be found in the Southeast throughout the year reaching Ontario during the summer. The small photo shows the same individual. The caterpillars feed mostly on herbaceous and woody legumes. I believe this is a female. 
 

 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/563814
bug guide (male):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/136640


Schizura unicornis - Hodges#8007
 
 
 
(Unicorn Caterpillar Moth) - imm.
 
 
 
Size: approx. 10-15 mm. Photo: 09/11/11, noon.


An interesting caterpillar of a grayish moth. This is the Unicorn Caterpillar (Schizura unicornis). Caterpillars in this genus can spray a jet of formic acid over several inches from a gland in the hump. I found this specimen on a rose leaf and luckly did not experience the formic acid welcome. 
 

 
bug guide (these photos):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/574803


Sonia constrictana - Hodges#3218
 
 
 
(Constricted Sonia Moth).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 3-5 mm. Photo: 08/01/12, 9 pm.


The Constricted Sonia Moth (Sonia constrictana) is in my opinion easily confused with Epiblema species (see also second link). 
 

 
bug guide (these photos):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/683372
Blanchard, J. Lepidop. Soc. 33, 179 (1979):
http://peabody.research.yale.edu//jls/pdfs/1970s/1979/1979-33(3)179-Blanchard.pdf


Sparganothoides lentiginosana - Hodges#3731
 
 
 
(Lentiginos Moth).
 
 
 
Photo: 08/19/14, 11 pm.


Yes, another brownish-orange moth that has its home in the Southeastern US. As noted in the second reference, the first instar larvae web the edges of the leaves of their host plant. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/981330
Kruse and Powell, Zootaxa 2150, 1 (2009):
http://www.mapress.com./zootaxa/2009/f/z02150p078f.pdf


Synanthedon arkansasensis - Hodges#2575
 
 
 
(Clearwing Moth (nonspec.)).
 
 
 
Size: approx. 10-15 mm. Photo: 09/11/11, 11 am.


This is my first Clearwing Moth (Synanthedon arkansasensis). It is found in the Southeastern U.S. and Texas. Many Clearwing Moths resemble wasps and bees. 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/574802


Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis - Hodges#457
 
 
 
(Evergreen Bagworm Moth) ♂.
 
 
 
Size: approx. 15-20 mm. Photo: 09/27/11, 11 pm.


This bagworm moth is Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (one of five species in this genus in the US). I am quoting the following text about its bizarre life cycle directly from the bugguide: "Larvae drag around their cases while feeding. When ready to pupate they attach the cases with silk to a branch. Males squeeze their way out, often losing much of their wing scales in the process. They seek wingless, legless females who never leave their bags. The males insert their abdomen to mate, and the females lay their eggs inside their own cases. Eggs overwinter and after hatching they disperse and begin forming their own bags." 
 
 
bug guide (this photo):
http://bugguide.net/node/view/582050